The impact that small and medium enterprises (SMEs) have on the local economy is phenomenal. Making up 99% of all companies in Singapore, the 180,000 local SMEs contribute to almost half of the GDP and employ 70% of the workforce. Similarly, in Hong Kong, 320,000 SMEs account for over 98% of all business entities and employ close to 1.3 million people.
Most SMEs are characterised by 1) lean teams (hence, little resources) and 2) slim margins (hence, tight finances), and as a result face a host of challenges.
Today, we lay out the top 8 pain points that SMEs most commonly face, and point to some resources that may make this entrepreneurial journey easier for you:
1. Managing cash flow
With slim margins and limited resources, SME owners are always concerned with ‘balancing their balance sheet’. SMEs need to have a thorough understanding of their sales margin in order to ensure that their revenue covers not only the cost of goods but also overheads as well as the costs of financing. It is no surprise that one of the key challenges hindering efficient cash flow in SMEs is the problem of late payments by customers. This poses a headache especially for small businesses with low cash reserves.
Things are looking up. Banks in Singapore are looking to grow their SME lending – Maybank Singapore is targeting retail SMEs with revenues of up to S$20 million while DBS announced a loan structure to help SMEs cope with restructuring costs. SPRING Singapore also launched a S$2 billion SME Working Capital Loan Programme, under which SPRING Singapore will co-share 50% of loan default risks with participating financial institutions and SMEs can apply for unsecured term loans of up to S$ 300,000.
On a day-to-day level, SME owners can also take things into their own hands by drafting legal documents that set out favourable payment terms in order to obtain timely payment and optimise cash flow. Download our free eBook on Managing Cash Flow to learn the legal documents that you need.
2. Hiring and retaining staff
Hiring and retaining staff is an ongoing challenge for SMEs. A survey by DP Information Group revealed difficulty in hiring staff and high manpower costs as the top two business concerns in both 2014 and 2015.
While you may not be able to offer the best remuneration packages for your employees, there are other creative (and non-monetary) means to keep your employees happy and motivated. You may also wish to consider hiring freelance consultants instead of taking on a full-time employee for fixed term projects with once-off deliverables – such as building a website or designing a brand identity for an event. In that case, make sure you know the key differences between independent contractors and employees and the relevant legal rights and obligations:
Download our FREE eBook on hiring and managing staff:
Singapore version Hong Kong version
3. Dealing with customer complaints
Statistics from the Consumers Association of Singapore (CASE) in 2015 revealed the 3 industries that received the most complaints to be motorcars, electrical and electronics and the beauty industry.
It’s important to keep your customers happy. After all, they keep your business going! Inspired by Small Business BC, here are 10 tips for dealing with customer complaints to keep them on your side:
10 tips for offering good customer service
4. Marketing your business online
Technology has presented businesses today with whole new ways to market themselves. This however poses its own challenges:
Customer expectations have changed and competition is no longer local but now global. Deciding on an effective marketing method with the most return on investment can be difficult, especially when faced with little budget and resources. While channels like social media are free to set up, it can take time to build up an online community. The same goes for blogging. Other forms of advertising, while quick to scale, can be expensive.
So which marketing channels are best for SMEs? This article lists a variety of ways you can start marketing your business online.
The key is to employ a mix of marketing tactics. Based on HubSpot’s inbound marketing methodology, visitors pass through a purchasing funnel before they are converted into customers. HubSpot also produces a tonne of (free!) and useful resources for sales and marketing – which the team at Zegal absolutely loves!
Learn more about Doing Business Online. Download our free eBook:
5. Rising costs & competition
Running a business in hubs such as Hong Kong and Singapore can be a challenge with the high overheads and strong competition. The rising cost of office rental, as well as increased cost of production, has squeezed the profit margin for small businesses.
Thankfully, there are ways to manage costs even in expensive cities like Hong Kong and Singapore. While co-working spaces are often associated with startups and tech entrepreneurs, SMEs who use co-working spaces agree that it may be a more cost-effective alternative to rented office space. Co-working provides you with the flexibility to scale the size of your operations up or down rapidly, and allow frequent review of your terms of stay more frequently than traditional, fixed leasing arrangements.
6. Protecting ideas and commercial assets
Intellectual property (IP), which comprises of trade marks, patents, copyrights and trade secrets, is a core business asset. Yet, SME owners neglect to properly protect their IP rights as they are daunted by the application process, and often are unaware of what needs be protected. As a result, SMEs run the risk of having their ideas stolen.
Whenever your business develops intangible human creations, it is key that you protect your creations. Your business has information that should remain private, such as your customer database, financial information, and new business ideas. A Confidentiality Agreement (or Non-disclosure Agreement) is your first line of defence to protecting this information. This legal document creates a confidential relationship between your business and any contractors, employees, and other business partners who might get a behind-the-scenes look at your operations.
Additional reading: Download our free eBook on Protecting Your Trade Mark
7. Dealing with regulation and staying up-to-date
While Hong Kong and Singapore are provide relatively easy environments for conducting business, it is important that you stay up-to-date with the latest updates to laws, acts, and regulation that may impact the way you run your business.
Legislation changes frequently; and by being unaware of the latest developments, you put your business at risk.
This is especially true for SMEs who are looking to expand overseas, where it can be challenging to fully grasp the relevant legal and taxation requirements are in other marketsin the host country.
This is why most business owners choose to engage in-country experts to help navigate bureaucracy and other administrative hurdles. This inevitably raises expansion costs. In addition, a potential pitfall that entrepreneurs make is putting too much attention into overzealous expansion and neglecting the home market.
One solution is to cut costs by reducing dependency on external providers, or automating certain tasks with the help of technology. Online tools such as Zegal allow businesses in Singapore, Hong Kong, Malaysia and New Zealand to self-service legal work while saving time and money in the process.
These documents are localised for use in their respective jurisdictions and because it is all online, you will have the ability to, from wherever you’re based, administer the documents you require for expanding into other countries.
8. Time management
As a business owner, you wear multiple hats in your organisation. Did you know that almost 9 in 10 Singapore SMEs lose focus on long-term business goals as a result of being to caught up in day-to-day business operations?
A natural solution to the perpetual time crunch is to employ technology to automate basic tasks. According to a Singapore Chinese Chamber of Commerce and Industry (SCCCI) survey, more than 70% of Singapore’s SMEs are applicants of the various government assistance schemes in Singapore. One key business area where SMEs can afford to save time and money is legal. Legal technology has emerged in Asia as a newer and more cost-effective solution for SMEs to meet their legal needs.
Our cloud software enables fast production of custom documentation which will help your business improve efficiency, accuracy and compliance.
Zegal is used by 5,000 small and medium-sized businesses, general counsels, law firms and business advisors and that number is growing at 20% every month. Join the new face of business law – as a Zegal subscriber, you can:
- Access any of our 500 existing business documents and customise them to your specific needs, and
- Choose to automate any of your frequently used documents and save a few hours each week.
Contact us to learn how you can manage legal at the fraction of the time, cost, and complexity.
No credit card required.